The stellar drawback lying with the Indian Healthcare System is its failure to cater to the ever increasing Population. Improper implementation of various programmes and Initiatives launched by Government where one can find a considerable degree of mis-match amongst the reports in office files and on ground scenario, reveals all the bitter truth of mis-managemant in resources allocation and poor supervision of operations under such schemes. Though healthcare sector has made a laudatory progress since Country’s Independence with availabilities of cure for almost all diseases, increased lifespan and vaccinations as preventive measures. But at the same prospects it has neglected the importance of healthcare awareness among it’s citizens with consistent enhancing disease cases like cholera, tuberculosis, cardiovascular diseases, Blood pressure and menstrual diseases commonly found in women along with hypertension, Asthma etc is the testimony to the fact. Global warming and rising pollution levels too are serious contributors in this case, where mankind too, itself adding to its sufferings.
But the entire baggage can not be put down on deterioting nature for the circumstances prevailing currently. Various Researchs and Reports on Healthcare System of India when equated with other countries which are equally submerged in pollution levels to the approximate extent brings out astonishing facts. Research by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India informs that the size of healthcare industry is expected to be of $160 billion by the year 2017 and $280 billion by 2020. Despite all this is not enough to serve its 1.3 billion population. Insufficient allocation of funds-as per reports by KPMG- wherein only 4.7% of GDP goes for the healthcare system. Whereas countries like China and US spends 5.6 times and 125 times of it respectively as per the year 2014 data. An Indian here meets 62% of its healthcare expenses out of personal savings called as ” out of pocket expenses” as compared to a person in 13.14% in US, 10% in UK and 54% in China.
Inappropriate distribution of budget among rural and urban India or neglect of rural part is the another key aspect giving rise to loopholes in the system. 31.5% of hospitals and 16% of hospital beds are situated in rural India where 75% of total population resides. The ratios reveals that one government hospital bed for every 2046 individuals, one government doctor for every 10,189 people and one State run hospital for 90,343 citizens is currently in operation according to Indian Government and Family Welfare Statistics. US has 24.5 doctors for every 20,000 people and one bed for every 345 citizens. In accession to this expensive healthcare services, failure to boost medical research field and low levels of Health insurance are the reasons for this. India’s per capita health expenditure is one of the lowest in the world. Government’s contribution to Insurance stands at roughly 32%, as opposed to 83.5% in the UK. 76% of Indians do not have health insurance, this results in the high out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the citizens.
The aid against all these facts showing mirror pertaining to the status is only proper and more apportionment of funds to this sector and raising scope of appointing more relevant personnel. Private sectors like Apollo, K3MRT, Max, Healthism etc. have come to rescue to certain extent but the healthcare Ministry needs to extend its hand as per requirements in order to mitigate the problems and it’s citizens health to prosper, leading to “Swasth Bharat” in its literal sense.